演講公告

講題:Ancestral Lands?──營盤山遺址「人祭坑」所見之區域關係
講者:林圭偵(中研院史語所助研究員)
地點:清華大學人社院C304
時間:2020/06/03  Wed. 15:00-17:00(結束後會有Happy Hour)
主辦單位:國立清華大學人類學研究所
 
演講簡介:
        本文由重新檢視四川營盤山遺址2003年出土的二具「人祭坑」出發,探討其時橫斷山區考古文化與埋藏背景所顯示的多元族群,以及當地與成都平原「十二橋文化都會區」的交流情形。經由近年的探索與新發現,二地自新石器時期以降所形成的區域關係,在器物傳播之外浮現更加複雜且變動的圖像,不僅物質文化流動的方向有所消長,也在精神層面、飲食生業、區域衝突上為我們帶來啟示。
 

講題:福壽螺來台源流考:一段跨物種技術網絡史

講者:蔡晏霖(國立交通大學人文社會學系副教授)
地點:清華大學人社院C304
時間:2020/05/20  Wed. 15:00-17:00
主辦單位:國立清華大學人類學研究所
 
演講簡介:
 
        原生於南美洲巴拉那河流域的 Pomacea canaliculata (英語:golden apple snail,華語:福壽螺,台語:金寶螺),在1970末期被引進亞洲,短短數年間即擴散到亞熱帶與熱帶亞洲及澳洲。福壽螺喜食嫩苗的食性對亞洲廣泛分佈的水稻、芋頭等作物造成鉅大的農業損害,至今名列全球百大有害外來入侵物種(2013 GLOBAL INVASIVE SPECIES DATABASE)。 值得注意的是,許多英語學術文獻指出台灣是福壽螺來到亞洲的第一站 (Mochida 1991, Cowie, et al. 2008),台灣文獻與報導則普遍認為福壽螺由商人走私引進,因為在台缺乏天敵而失控繁殖。透過關鍵當事人的敘述與文獻研究,我嘗試重建福壽螺當年過海來台灣並在亞洲開枝散葉的黯黑史,將福壽螺研究的焦點從物種轉向政治生態學者Paul Robbins 所稱的「外來入侵網路」,並反思入侵物種與馴化論述中的物種政治。

講題:尪仔:一個台灣投射人性的方式(Ang-a: A Taiwanese Mode of Animation)
講者:司黛蕊 Teri Silvio(中研院民族所副研究員)
地點:清華人社院C304
時間:2020/03/11 Wed. 15:00-17:00(結束後會有Happy Hour)
主辦單位:國立清華大學人類學研究所

演講簡介:
本演講介紹我新書, Puppets, Gods, and Brands: Theorizing the Age of Animation from Taiwan, 的一個論點。 本書探討人們如何把自身的行動力與個性投射至外在的物質或虛擬環境,賦予非人類的東西他自己的生命力、靈魂等人類特色。透過在台灣十五年來的田野調研發展出一個新的人類學概念, 人性的投射(animation)。 連在同一個文化, 人性投射的方式會多元; 什麼樣的東西適合給予行動力? 人類的什麼特色能夠被投射到物質世界? 投射的過程如何? 在不同文化或次文化, 不同時代, 這些問題的回答會有差別。 在台灣漢人文化裡, 最傳統統投射人性的對象就是[尪仔]或[偶]。 這個範疇包含木偶, 神像, 公仔, 等擬人化的物品。 本演講要探討尪仔的特色和行動力的來源為了了解台灣漢人對人性的概念。
This talk will introduce part of my book, Puppets, Gods, and Brands, which attempts to outline an anthropological theory of animation, which I define as the process of projecting qualities perceived as human outside of the self and into the environment. My hope is that animation might serve as a complement to “performance,” a conceptual platform which allows us to compare practices across different social fields, different cultures, and different historical eras . Here I posit a Han Chinese/Taiwanese mode of animation which centers on a specific type of object, called ang-a in Holo or ou in Mandarin — a small, three-dimensional, human-form (or anthropomorphized animal or object-form) figure. The ang-a is invested with specific human qualities – personality, affect, and charisma — through specific types of actions – ritual, iconographic, and communicational practices. Examining the qualities of the ang-a and the sources of its agency can help us understand how Han Taiwanese people see the nature of humanity and what divides the human from the non-human.

講題:”You have to trust them”: Countervailing Relational Tendencies among Chinese Migrants in Tanzania
講者:Derek Sheridan(中研院民族所助研究員)
地點:清華人社院C304
時間:2020/03/04 Wed. 15:00-17:00
主辦單位:國立清華大學人類學研究所

Bio:
Derek Sheridan is an Assistant Research Fellow with the Institute of Ethnology at Academia Sinica. His research interests include China-Africa connections, migration and transnationalism, ethics, inequality, political economy, race, semiotics, knowledge production, global imaginaries, (global) China, and East Africa (Tanzania). His first project, the Mutualities of Being Chinese in Tanzania, is based on seventeen months of ethnographic fieldwork studying the everyday lives of migrant Chinese entrepreneurs in Tanzania. The book will examine how Chinese expatriates and ordinary Tanzanians negotiate a “South-South relationship” through the interpersonal ethics of social interactions. His next project concerns the circulation of martial arts culture between East Asia and Africa, and its influence on subjectivities and cultural production (incl. film) in Tanzania.

演講簡介:
Chinese migrants in Africa often demonstrate a paradoxical orientation to the social relationships they develop with locals. Many seek relationships and friendships which are necessary for facilitating business transactions and capital accumulation, but many also avoid or minimize relationships and friendships in order to protect themselves and others from varied perceived dangers. Even migrants who pursue friendships for affective purposes may face discouragement from their associated businesses/institutions. This is despite a recognition that “people-to-people” relations are important for the China-Africa relationship. These countervailing tendencies complicate any attempt to categorize everyday Chinese-African interactions as either cooperative or conflictual, integrated or segregated, or even instrumental and affective. Instead, these tendencies suggest the need to problematize the concept of relationality as applied to both critical theories of political economy and ethnographic approaches to ordinary ethics. This question is particularly relevant in Tanzania, where the narrative of Sino-African friendship as an anti-imperial cooperation and alternative model of global relationships was perhaps most visibly conceptualized, but which has since been reimagined to describe new modes of trade and investment more similar to global capitalism. Based on seventeen months of ethnographic fieldwork among Chinese migrant entrepreneurs, managers, and employees in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania between 2013 and 2016, I examine and compare three situations involving countervailing tendencies to both establish and limit relationships. Comparing these situations demonstrates both structural imperatives to relate in order to accomplish transactions, and the limits on relationships due to the vulnerabilities of interdependency and uneven wealth. Considering these countervailing tendencies in terms of theories of capitalism as either binding or separating, I examine implications for ethical/political assumptions about the sometimes-claimed distinctive character of South-South commerce.

講題:重建體質人類學視野下中國史前人類的生與死-兼談鄭州大學人骨研究新進展
講者:周亞威 博士(鄭州大學副教授)
時間:2020/01/08 Wed. 10:00-12:00
地點:人社院C304
主辦單位:國立清華大學人類所

講題:盟盟與他們的產地:台灣護家運動的前世今生
講者:喬瑟芬(姝文創)
地點:清華人社院C304
時間:2019/12/11 Wed. 15:00-17:00(結束後會有Happy Hour)
主辦單位:國立清華大學人類學研究所

演講簡介:台灣的教會曾是社會進步的動力,引進民主、科學和高等教育等,但為何會成為反同、反多元性別的火車頭?而教會組織文化,又為何可以讓信徒自願放棄思辯,甚至讓高知識份子放棄自身專業?本場活動希望從台灣受美國教會影響的發展簡史,帶大家認識基督宗教在台灣的演變,以及組織發展的方式與動力。也希望與聽眾互動,聊聊未來所謂「進步社群」的觀念與知識思辯,能否找到新的出路。

講題:Muakai的跨世紀婚禮(紀錄片放映暨導演座談)
講者:蘇弘恩 導演
地點:清華人社院C304
時間:2019/12/04 Wed. 15:00-17:00
主辦單位:國立清華大學人類學研究所、世界南島暨原住民族中心

紀錄片簡介:1932年,排灣族佳平部落金祿勒頭目家的祖靈柱Muakai進入了國立台灣大學前身「台北帝國大學」的「土俗人種學講座」,成為大學博物館的藏品,默默地佇立在博物館的一隅。直到2014年,台大的胡家瑜教授重回佳平部落,找到她失散已久的家人與族人,共同討論是否將她申請為國寶。2015年9月,在族人,文化部與眾人的見證下,透過一場別開生面的傳統排灣婚禮,Muakai終於與國立台灣大學締結正式關係。為何要在近百年後舉行婚禮?這場婚禮為部落、為台大、為社會又會帶來什麼樣的改變?(引自2019台灣國際民族誌影展)
預告片:https://www.tieff.org/films/muakai的跨世紀婚禮/

講題:We have Grown Cold: Technology and Society in the Kelabit Highlands of Central Borneo
講者:Dr. Poline Bala (Universiti Malaysia Sarawak)
地點:清華人社院C304
時間:2019/11/15 (Fri) 2:20-4:20pm

大綱:
Drawing on experiences of the Kelabit living in Bario of the Kelabit Highlands this paper explore whether technology can be seen as a main force that shapes society or whether society and social values shape the way in which technology affects our lives. Based on data collected through participatory observations and ethnographic fieldwork in August 2005 to September 2006, this paper explores this relationship through the introduction of information communication technologies especially the internet/telecentre among the Kelabit in Bario and beyond. It argues that the usage of these technologies has been mediated and reconfigured by webs of social relations and the intricate interplay of social, political and cultural conditions specific to the Kelabit Highlands.

講題:Recent discoveries in the Altai and issues on the evolution of modern humans
講者:Dr. Anatoly P. Derevianko(俄羅斯科學院院士)
地點:清華人社院C304
時間:2019/10/28 (Mon) 15:00-17:00

講題:馬來西亞和印尼華人穆斯林的身份認同
CHINESE WAYS OF BEING MUSLIM: NEGOTIATING ETHNICITY AND RELIGIOSITY IN MALAYSIA AND INDONESIA

講者:丘偉榮 Hew Wai Weng (馬來西亞國民大學馬來西亞與國際研究所研究員)
地點:清華人社院C304
時間:2019/10/23 Wed. 15:00-17:00

簡介:
Many recent works on Muslim societies have pointed to the development of ‘de-culturalization’ and ‘purification’ of Islamic practices. Instead, by exploring architectural designs, preaching activities, cultural celebrations, social participations and everyday practices, this seminar describes and analyses the formation and contestation of Chinese Muslim cultural identities in today’s Indonesia and Malaysia. Chinese Muslim leaders strategically promote their unique identities by rearticulating their histories and cultivating ties with Muslims in China. Yet, their intentional mixing of Chineseness and Islam does not reflect all aspects of the multilayered and multifaceted identities of ordinary Chinese Muslims – there is not a single ‘Chinese way of being Muslim’, but multiple ways of being (or not being) Chinese and Muslim in Indonesia
and Malaysia. Broadly speaking, this talk explores the cultural politics of Muslim and Chinese identities in Indonesia and Malaysia, as well as gives insights into the possibilities and limitations of ethnic and religious pluralism in contemporary societies.

主題:印尼同志移工在香港(Maid to Queer: Indonesian Migrant Domestic Workers in Hong Kong)
講者:賴婉琪博士(國立清華大學通識中心助理教授)
時間:2019/09/25 Wed. 12:00-14:00
地點:清華人社院C304
摘要:
賴婉琪一直努力將移工研究和LGBT studies連在一起,她的博士論文探討香港印尼女移工的同性情慾關係,由2010年開始做了兩年的田野研究,訪問了43位在香港有同性關係的印尼移工。本講座會探討香港的工作環境如何為她們帶來意想不到的性別及情慾空間,移民的過程如何令身為穆斯林的她們接受同性關係?講座將從文化人類學的角度,了解性/別如何在移民過程中被建構。

主題:
Doctors as Moral Pioneers:
Improvising Ethics and Assisted Reproductive Technologies in Colombian Infertility Centers
講者:Dr. Malissa Kay Shaw(臺北醫學大學醫學人文研究所助理教授)
時間:2019/06/12 Wed. 15:00-17:00
地點:清華人社院C304
摘要:
New biotechnologies such as assisted conception (e.g. in vitro fertilization, donor insemination, etc.) are socially embedded artifacts that raise context specific moral, ethical, and social anxieties. In contexts where the legislation pertaining to these profitable biotechnologies are limited or ambiguous, and competition between private facilities is high, individual doctors become morally and socially responsible for determining the boundaries of administering such therapies. Ethnographic research at two private infertility centers in Colombia reveals that doctors do not determine boundaries based on monetary gain but rather personal morals, social norms, and professional obligations. Medical professionals have diverse perceptions of assisted reproduction, and often struggle to make decisions regarding who should access such therapies, who are ideal gamete donors, and the fate of embryos leftover after an IVF cycle. The complexity of these perceptions applied in a context with limited regulation and high competition between private medical facilities shapes the praxis of assisted conception. As doctors determine the limits of their practice they not only create variation between clinical practices, but also make moral decisions regarding who should be parents, how families should be formed, and the significance of embryos. Thus, in navigating their everyday medical practice, doctors also shape the social world.

講題:Language, Voice, and Politics of Representation: Introduction to an anthropology of voice production
講者:Spencer C. Chen (陳昭龍)
PhD Candidate, Department of Anthropology, University of California, Los Angeles

時間:2019/05/15 Wed. 15:00-17:00
地點:清華人社院304
簡介:
In creative industries, producers utilize a range of semiotic resources to construct conversations and animate characters in ways that evoke preconceived, well-recognized social personae. My work tackles one such industry—the dubbing industry—in Taiwan and examines its specialized practice locally referred to as _peiyin_ ‘dubbing, voice-acting’. Grounded in the linguistic anthropological tradition, I take dubbing as a social process through which existing expressive modes are (in)validated in the politics of representation. In this talk, I will first survey some of theoretical approaches to dubbing in linguistic anthropology and sociolinguistics. I will continue by describing my ethnographic fieldwork carried out in Taipei, Taiwan, since 2016 with three generations of voice actors. By looking at behind-the-scenes between the dubbing professionals, I will delineate the bottom-up attempts from the voice actors in supporting, mitigating, and at times, challenging existing norms in regimenting language. I will conclude by proposing a refined anthropological approach to cultural products in general, and dubbing in specific, that carefully gives equal attention to both the linguistic microculture and the sociopolitical macroculture.

講題:千峰翠色買將來—中國唐宋時期越窯系青瓷的生產與消費
講者:盧柔君 博士(大阪市立東洋陶瓷美術館)
時間:2019/04/17 Wed. 15:00-17:00
地點:清華人社院C304
簡介:
中國的唐宋時期是東亞海域各國文化往來的黃金時期,人物船行絡繹不絕,包括絲綢、茶、瓷器、金屬及珍稀礦物等物質交流。其中數量多、容易留存於遺址形成環境之中,足以勘當今日物質文化研究對象的,正屬陶瓷。中國產陶瓷貿易於8世紀末正式展開,過往研究一向關注這些陶瓷進入海外消費地時,奢侈品與威望物的性質,以及當地陶瓷器競相模仿中國陶瓷的現象,視其為代表唐宋等先進王朝的符碼,卻未從消費者角度檢視其需求與使用模式。本研究嘗試以器形為切入點,從器形息息相關的功能、外觀來討論唐宋時期自生產遺址、消費遺址出土的越窯系青瓷。

講題:泰國曼谷印度教神廟九夜節遊行與第三性
講者:林育生 助研究員(中央研究院人文社會科學研究中心)
時間:2019/03/13 Wed. 15:00-17:00
地點:清華人社院C304

講題:北京的「低端人口」與懸浮空間
講者:歐子綺博士(中央研究院民族學研究所博士後研究)
時間:2019/03/06(三) 12:00-13:30
地點:清華人社院 C304

題目:Crafting a Tibetan Terroir: Wine Production, Identity, and Landscape Change in Shangri-La
講者:Dr. Brendan A. Galipeau (Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Chao Center for Asian Studies, Rice University, USA)
時間:108/03/04(週一)12:00-13:30
地點:人社院 C304

題目:台灣性娛樂產業中婚姻移民工作者的身份協商與母職技藝初探
講者:曾薰慧 助理教授(香港中文大學性別研究課程)
時間:2019/03/04(一)上午 09:30-11:00
地點:人社院C304